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Monel 400

Designated as UNS N04400 or DIN W.Nr. 2.4360 / 2.4361, Monel 400 (also known as “Alloy 400”) is a solid-solution nickel-copper alloy with high strength and excellent resistance in a range of media, including seawater, hydrofluoric acid, sulfuric acid and alkalies. The Alloy 400 is also very resistant to stress-corrosion cracking and pitting corrosion in most fresh and industrial waters. Monel 400 is widely used in many fields such as marine engineering, chemical and hydrocarbon processing equipment, valves, pumps, shafts, flanges, fittings, fasteners, and heat exchangers.

Monel 400 bolts and nuts

Monel 400 fasteners: stud bolts with nuts.

1. Chemical Composition Requirements of Monel 400

The Chemical Composition of Monel 400, %
Nickel≥63.0
Carbon≤0.30
Manganese≤2.0
Iron≤2.50
Sulfur≤0.024
Silicon≤0.50
Copper28.0-34.0

2. Typical Physical Properties

ball valve with Monel 400 trims

A floating ball valve, 150#, CF8M body, Monel 400 trims for marine use.

DensityMelting RangeCurie TemperatureElectrisity Resistivity
g/cm3lb/in3°F°C°F°CµΩ·m
8.800.3182370-24601300-135070-12021-49547

3. Mechanical Properties of Monel 400

Tensile Strength, min.Yield Strength, min.Elongation, minHardness
MpaksiMpaksi%HB
550802403540110-150

4. Weldability, Workability & Heat Treatment

ASTM B165 Monel 400 seamless pipes, UNS N04400

ASTM B165 Monel 400 seamless pipes, UNS N04400, 1″(O.D) x 0.065″(W.T) x 12″(L).

Monel 400 can be readily joined by welding processes including shielded metal arc welding(SMAW), gas tungsten arc welding(GTAW) and gas metal arc welding(GMAW). Corresponding fillers or electrodes shall be selected. Since Alloy 400 is softer than most steels, it can be hot formed or cold formed into almost any shape following with machining process. Generally, Monel 400 products should be annealed at a temperature of 1470°F (full annealing) and pickling is often required to produce bright and clean surfaces on the alloy.

5. Product Forms and Standards of Monel 400

Monel 400 butt-welding pipe fittings

Butt-welding pipe fittings: ASTM B366, Monel 400 elbows, tees, reducers.

Product FormStandard
Plate, Strip, SheetASTM B127, DIN 17750
Bar, Rod, WireASTM B164, AMS 4675
Seamless Pipe & TubeASTM B165, B829, B163
Welded Pipe & TubeASTM B725, B730, B751, B775
Welded FittingsASTM B366
Forged Flanges and FittingsASTM B564

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    Hebei Metals Industrial Limited
    (Shijiazhuang Metalsin Pipeline Tech Co., Ltd)
    No. 176, Zhonghua South Street, Shijiazhuang, China.
    Tel: +86-311-89642206
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