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Hastelloy S

Designated as UNS N06635, Hastelloy S (also known as “Alloy S”), is a nickel-based high-temperature alloy with excellent thermal stability, low thermal expansion, and oxidation resistance to 1095°C[2000°F]. It retains strength and ductility after aging at temperature of 425 to 870°C[800 to 1600°F]. Hastelloy S is mainly developed for applications involving severely cyclical heating conditions where components must be capable of retaining strength, ductility, and metallurgical integrity after long time exposure and are extensively used as seal rings in gas turbine engines where its low thermal expansion coefficients is also important.

Hastelloy S Ring Gasket according to ASME B16.20

Hastelloy S ring gasket manufactured to ASME B16.20, Octagonal R24.

1. Chemical Composition Requirements

The Chemical Compostion of Hastelloy S, %
NiBalance
Cr14.5-17.0
Fe≤3.0
Co≤2.0
Mo14.0-16.5
W≤1.0
Al0.10-0.50
C≤0.02
Mn0.30-1.00
Si0.2-0.75
B≤0.015
La0.01-0.10
Cu≤0.35

2. Mechanical Properties of Hastelloy S

Tensile Strength, min.Yield Strength, minElongation, min.Hardness, min
MpaksiMpaksi%HRA
83512144564.54952

3. Physical Properties of Hastelloy S

DensityMelting RangeSpecific HeatElectrical Resistivity
g/cm3°C°FJ/kg. kBtu/lb.°FµΩ·m
8.751335-13802435-25163980.0951280

4. Workability, Weldability & Heat Treatment of Hastelloy S

The UNS N06635(Hastelloy S) alloy can be readily forged and cold worked due to its excellent ductility. It can be welded by both manual and automatic welding methods including gas tungsten arc(GTAW), and gas metal arc(GMAW). Forging should be performed from 1146°C to 872°C up to the final 20% cross-section reduction. The final 20% reduction should be done from about 1039°C to 817°C. Hastelloy S alloy should be solution annealed at the temperature of 1065°C then followed by cooling in air or hydrogen. Cooling rates during heat treatment have no virtual effect on its mechanical properties due to its stable nature.

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